Texas City COVID-19 patients receive hydroxychloroquine

Dr. Robin Armstrong puts on his full personal protective equipment outside the entrance to The Resort at Texas City nursing home, where he is the medical director, Tuesday, April 7, 2020, in Texas City. Armstrong has treated nearly 30 residents of the nursing home with the anti-malaria drug hydroxychloroquine.


Three U.S. senators are demanding answers from federal agencies about how they’re tracking and regulating the use of hydroxychloroquine, a drug once touted as an effective treatment for COVID-19, in nursing homes.

U.S. Sens. Elizabeth Warren, Bob Casey and Ron Wyden said they wanted more details about the drug’s use in nursing homes nationwide, after reviewing reports of that they called “inappropriate” use of the drug in Texas and Pennsylvania.

The senators, all Democrats, specifically cited concerns about how the drug was used to treat residents at The Resort at Texas City, site of the first major outbreak of COVID-19 announced in Galveston County.

In letters to the commissioner of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, the administrator of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services and the inspector general of the Department of Health and Human Services, the senators claimed the facility “was cited for treating cognitively impaired patients for COVID-19 without getting consent from their family or guardians first.”

The senators also cited reports of the use of the drug at a nursing home in Pennsylvania.

“The use of this experimental treatment on patients without proper approval and without their consent is a violation of patient rights,” the senators wrote. Medicare and Medicaid rules provide nursing home residents with the right to be informed of, and to participate in, their own treatments, they said.

The senators called on the inspector general to investigate the use of the drug at nursing homes and for information from the other departments about how the use of the drug is being tracked, studied and, if necessary, stopped.

In the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic, some people, including President Donald Trump, touted hydroxychloroquine, an anti-malarial drug, as an effective treatment for people diagnosed with the virus.

Some health experts warned that the drug was unproven and that it carried dangerous potential side effects. In June, the FDA revoked an emergency use authorization that allowed doctors to use the drug as a COVID treatment.

The Resort at Texas City in April was one of the first Texas nursing homes to report an outbreak of COVID-19 among its residents and staff.

In the days after the outbreak, Dr. Robin Armstrong, the medical director at the nursing home, announced he was treating some of the residents with hydroxychloroquine. The nursing home was able acquire the drug with the help of Texas Lt. Gov. Dan Patrick, according to news reports.

In addition to being a doctor, Armstrong also is a Republican activist and one of two Texas delegates on the Republican National Committee.

The senators’ letters notes news stories raising concerns about the drug’s use in Texas City, as well as a health inspection survey published by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.

The Resort at Texas City was cited in May for violating regulations requiring it to “ensure that residents are fully informed and understand their health status, care and treatments” and to “develop and implement a complete care plan that meets all the residents’ needs,” according to the inspection survey.

The risks posed by the violations were minimal or only caused the potential for harm, according to the survey.

The survey doesn’t specifically mention COVID-19 or hydroxychloroquine. It doesn’t mention cognitively impaired patients, nor does it provide specific details about who at the nursing home gave informed consent to be treated with the drug.

In interviews with The Daily News and others earlier this year, however, Armstrong said he gave some of his patients hydroxychloroquine without discussing it with patients or their families.

Armstrong in May said he treated 38 people at the facility with hydroxychloroquine after those patients had tested positive for COVID-19. Three of those people later died, and the other 35 recovered, Armstrong said.

He has stood by his use of the drug, even as agencies such as the FDA began warning against using it as a treatment for COVID-19.

As of Aug. 13, 57 residents at The Resort of Texas City had tested positive for COVID-19, according to data from the Texas Department of Health and Human Services. Five of those people died and 52 have recovered. Also 32 employees at The Resort of Texas have tested positive for COVID-19, according to the state data.

As of the latest report, there were no active cases of COVID-19 among the facility’s residents or staff.

Armstrong declined to comment about the senators’ letter when reached by text on Friday. He was flying to Atlanta and had not heard anything about the issue, he said.

The senators asked the federal agencies to respond to their requests by Sept. 10.

John Wayne Ferguson: 409-683-5226; john.ferguson@galvnews.com or on Twitter @johnwferguson.

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(49) comments

Mary Gillespie

This is ridiculous. Off-label use of prescription drugs is routine. Both my children's lives were saved by off-label use of terbutaline, and my MIL's life was saved by off-label use of carboplatin.

Richard Moore

"...however, Armstrong said he gave some of his patients hydroxychloroquine without discussing it with patients or their families."

Carlos Ponce

Richard, have you read the contract terms for admission to The Resort or any Nursing Home? I have. There's a clause giving the attending physician permission to treat. Most relatives; spouses, children, etc., are so devastated by taking a loved one to a "home" they sign without reading the terms.

Charles Douglas

The LEFT & the DEMOCRATS major in ridiculousness! Now take this investigation, for example, they want to investigate a nursing home in Texas City where lives were SAVED from the virus, but do not mention all the seniors recklessly killed by Governor Cuomo in the rest homes of New York where SICK patients were mandated to be housed with healthy patients who were NOT infected by the virus! This is sorry, inept, and stupid, and in my opinion malfeasance!

Gary Miller

Democrats? The more deaths the better they like it. If HCQ saves lives they think it will help Trump. HCQ is so cheep big pharma is lobbying against it. They are hoping any vacine will sell for 1,000 % more than HCQ.

Gary Scoggin

How do we know they wouldn’t have lived anyway?

Charles Douglas

The point was... you dont house sick patients with healthy patients OG! Are you saying you would be Okay for your love ones to be housed with patients infected with the China Virus?

Gary Scoggin

No, of course not. My point was that of those treated with Hydroxecantspellit and survived, we don’t know how many would have lived without it. It may work in some cases. My concern is that this treatment, like a few others got politicized. The President should have never tried to play doctor-in-Chief and tout it as a panacea. This set up an us-vs-them competition among the usual suspects and people’s opinion on the drug Became colored red or blue. The fact is that there is evidence for and against its efficacy and that hydroxy... is a drug that can have serious side effects. It should be used cautiously when it’s used at all.

Carlos Ponce

"How do we know they wouldn’t have lived anyway?"

Dr. Scoggin, Oh that's right you're NOT an MD. The determination was made by a MEDICAL DOCTOR for his patient. Now you may have played doctor at one time but Dr. Robin Armstrong is the real thing.

Charles Douglas

OG knows better, I have been following him for years. He is just throwing that DEM party narative out there! They keep fighting me, he and Mr. "J." Why,.. I don't know. My deadline to convert them is November 2nd!!! I'll have it done by then. No doubt! Old Joe Biden swore he was going to stay in that hiding hole his handlers have him In! His numbers started tanking and now he is vowing to come OUT! Violence beatings, burnings, looting, and killings in the streets of Democratic controlled cities, and Kamala and Joe never said a word until their numbers stated tanking! Now They want to blame Trump for it all! Let the record show, that Trump will win this election by a LANDSLIDE! Nothing is going to de-throne Netanyahu of Israel, nor Trump! You have my word on that! Keep your eyes open, watch and see! This election is more important than meets the eye, and this plague is not going anywhere until certain things and events happen! I will share more later.


Gary Scoggin

I’m not an MD Carlos, and neither are you. I’m happy for those that survived. It’s just that the results on the drug are mixed. And without a proper study we can’t claim a miracle happened (except for three people) in Texas City. That’s bad politics and even worse science. And Charles, my friend, I’m not into Blue party talking points. If anything it was the Reds that politicized this. Look, the Senate investigation mentioned in the original story is a bad thing. Let doctors be doctors, let researchers be researchers and leave the politics out of it - on both sides.

Carlos Ponce

"It’s just that the results on the drug are mixed." Not really when they follow the dosage and length of treatment prescribed by Dr. Armstrong and thousands of other doctors. It is the Liberals and anti-Trumpers who have politicized this. Too bad there are some who refuse to see this. If you or a loved one caught the virus and a doctor recommended the use of hydroxychloroquine would you say "no" to the treatment? If you don't answer it's an admission you would follow the doctor's recommendation.

Gary Scoggin

Carlos, you didn’t read a word I wrote, did you. Typical. It was the President who made this a political issue and his opponents jumped on it. Both are wrong. To your question - and the silly challenge that followed it - if my doctor recommended it, that would be the beginning of a conversation, not the end of one. I would want to know the basis for the recommendation as it seems to act differently when started at different stages of the disease. I’d want to know the potential side effects given my particular health status and how we will monitor for these side effects and how we would respond. In other words, I would be an intelligent health care consumer and not accept the doctor’s word at face value just because he is a Republican. Hell, most doctors are a Republicans.

Carlos Ponce

"It was the President who made this a political" BULLSTUFF!!!!!!!!!!

Doctors recommended the use of hydroxychloroquine from the onset. Trump mentioned it as a possible treatment. Then the Liberal media politicized it. Then their lackeys took up the mantra.

Leave it up to the doctors actually treating these patients, not those with medical degrees but only sit behind desks.

A doctor would tell you all those things you bring up and still make the recommendation - otherwise, why would he or she bring it up?

Gary Scoggin

Carlos. You asked a question and against my better judgement, I answered it. Why is the President touting treatments at all? He's not a doctor either. He's trying to look relavent to this issue and doing a poor job of it. (Prediction: You will respond by attacking Biden because you know the President's peformance is indefensible to all but those who worship him.)

Carlos Ponce

"Why is the President touting treatments at all?" WHY????? Liberals are mischaracterizing the President's response to the pandemic saying he isn't doing anything and has no plan, hasn't led on the response - all nonsense..

Before Trump spoke about it on March 19 I heard about the use of hydroxychloroquine from doctors, researchers.

What did Trum say on March 19?

People are living now that had no chance of living where we take treatments that would … Things that would have to go through years of a process. And if somebody was terminally ill and I would say, “Why wouldn’t they be able to try this?” They’d go to Asia, they’d go to Europe, they’d go all over the world to try and find something. Or some people, if they had no money, would go home to die. They’d go home to die. They had no hope. Right to try has been an incredible success, but this is beyond right to try. If treatments known to be safe in Europe, Japan or other nations are effective against a virus, we’ll use that information to protect the health and safety of American people. Nothing will stand in our way as we pursue any Avenue to find what best works against this horrible virus. Now, a drug called chloroquine, and some people would add to it, hydroxy, hydroxychloroquine, so chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine.

Donald Trump: (12:56)

Now, this is a common malaria drug. It’s also a drug used for strong arthritis. Somebody who has pretty serious arthritis also uses this in a somewhat different form, but it is known as a malaria drug and it’s been around for a long time and it’s very powerful. But the nice part is it’s been around for a long time, so we know that if it … If things don’t go as planned, it’s not going to kill anybody. When you go with a brand new drug, you don’t know that that’s going to happen. You have to see and you have to go long test. But this has been used in different forms, very powerful drug in different forms and it’s shown very encouraging, very, very encouraging early results, and we’re going to be able to make that drug available almost immediately. And that’s where the FDA has been so great. They’ve gone through the approval process, it’s been approved, and they did it. They took it down from many, many months to immediate.

Donald Trump: (14:15)

So we’re going to be able to make that drug available by prescription or states … I spoke with governor Cuomo about it at great length last night and he wants to be right on … He wants to be first on the line. And so I think that’s a tremendous … There’s tremendous promise based on the results and other tests. There’s tremendous promise. And normally the FDA would take a long time to approve something like that and it was approved very, very quickly and it’s now approved by prescription. Individual states will handle it, they can handle it, doctors will handle it. And I think it’s going to be great. Then we’re quickly studying this drug and while we’re continuing to study it, but the studying is going to be also done in … As it’s given out to large groups of people, perhaps in New York and other places.

Donald Trump: (15:18)

We’ll study it there. There are promising therapies produced by Gilead, and that’s remdesivir, remdesivir, and that’s a drug used for other purposes that’s been out, and it’s had very good results for other purposes, but it seems to have a very good result having to do with this virus, and that drug also has been approved or very close to approved, in that case, by the FDA, and I can’t tell you how much we appreciate what the FDA, these people are incredible patriots and the job that Stephen Hahn is doing, Dr. Hahn, who’s one of the most respected doctors in the country by the way, where we took him … I said, “You sure you want to do this?” Now we didn’t know that this was going to be in the playlist of what happened here. But he really has stepped up to the plate, wherever you are.

Gary, he was just talking about the research being done and which look promising. But Liberals politicized this with reports that did not follow the accepted protocol for use with this disease. And in countries where the drug is available over the counter and used as a prophylactic the infection rate is lower than the US.

Gary Scoggin

That's all interesting but it doesn't really answer my question. Why is this the role of the President. Is it because as you say, whe wants to counter the "Liberals" that talk badly about him? Does that make him Snowflake-in-Chief?

Gary Miller

Two investigations of 800 each were reported. After decades of use by millions with no bad side effects. Both 800 patients groups results indicate if given early HCQ reduces deaths by half. With no unwanted side effects. When Democrats are against something I suspect it may be good for people but bad for Democrats.

Gary Scoggin

Hydroxycantspellit has lots of side effects, some serious. I'm not taking a position on its use other than it's a decision between a doctor and patient. And the politicians, including the President, ought to stay out of it.

Carlos Ponce

"Hydroxycantspellit has lots of side effects" NOT when used with the proper protocols, dosages, number of treatments. That's the science.

Ted Gillis

Okay, I wanted to stay out of this, because as most people have already pointed out, none of us are doctors, and I even defended Dr. Armstrong earlier this year just because of that reason, as he’s the expert in his field of work, and we are the experts in ours. My biggest surprise after reading this article is the statement that Dr. Armstrong and the nursing home could only acquire this drug after help from Lt. Gov. Dan Patrick! Why the heck was Dan Patrick even involved? Couldn’t they acquire this drug normally? Dan Patrick is nothing but a talk show host and an AM radio station owner. This is ridiculous. If I had trouble acquiring schedule 40 pipe, or cast iron fittings, I’m not calling a talk show host for help. I’m going to go through my normal supply house network. Good greef, what a freek show this has turned out to be.

Carlos Ponce

"could only acquire this drug after help from Lt. Gov. Dan Patrick!" Not quite.

State Senator Bryan Hughes (R-Mineola) helped him

"Hydroxychloroquine got closer attention when Hughes helped deliver it to The Resort at Texas City, a nursing home that experienced an outbreak of COVID-19 among its residents and staff. Dr. Robin Armstrong, the facility’s medical director, asked Hughes for help procuring the drug."


"Couldn’t they acquire this drug normally?" Nothing normal when some put politics ahead of patients.

Dan Patrick does own KSEV -700 AM. Lt. Gov. Dan Patrick was sportscaster on KHOU Channel 11. A different Dan Patrick currently hosts a sports program.

Jim Forsythe

The most disturbing part is that "Armstrong said he gave some of his patients hydroxychloroquine without discussing it with patients or their families." Was it that hard for him to talk to all involved? My Doctor always goes over any new medication and side effects before prescribing it for me. Does Dr. Armstrong talk to his patients (families) about any new medications, in case they have had bad reactions with that drug in the past. Not everyone one wants to be in a Trial.

If you want to know why is the drug is bring pushed, follow the money.

Trump allies with investments in the drug companies that would seem to be helped by Trump’s advocacy for the drug — which include Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross, investor Ken Fisher, and Amneal Pharmaceuticals co-founder Chirag Patel.

Carlos Ponce

Jim, have you read the contract with The Resort? I have. And signing it gives the attending physician permission to treat.

Jim Forsythe

His statement Armstrong said he gave some of his patients hydroxychloroquine without discussing it with patients or their families."

Carlos Ponce

The people either signed the papers or their family did. I read, I signed.

Jim Forsythe

Did you sign to be in a drug trial?

"Armstrong said he gave some of his patients hydroxychloroquine without discussing it with patients or their families."

Why would a DR. not take the time to discuses a possible life alternating event.

Since it was used in a experimental treatment, he did not get the required permission. Did the DR. do the following?

“The use of experimental treatment on patients without proper approval and without their consent is a violation of patient rights,”

To many, the term informed consent is mistakenly viewed as the same as getting a research participant's signature on the consent form. FDA believes that obtaining a research participant's verbal or written informed consent is only part of the process. Informed consent involves providing a potential participant with:

adequate information to allow for an informed decision about participation in the clinical investigation.

facilitating the potential participant's understanding of the information.

an appropriate amount of time to ask questions and to discuss with family and friends the research protocol and whether you should participate.

obtaining the potential participant's voluntary agreement to participate.

continuing to provide information as the clinical investigation progresses or as the subject or situation requires.

Carlos Ponce

I signed giving Dr Armstrong permission to treat my brother. Delay could mean DEATH.

Nothing "experimental" about the drug, It's been used since the 1950s in it's current form. And doctors have prescribed it for off label use for decades.

Gary Scoggin

Again these are interesting legal and medical questions but they are not political questions. The President needs to quit recommending therapies, politicians need to stay out of the supply chain and Senators need to leave election related hearings alone.

Jim Forsythe

Experimental treatment and experimental drugs are to different things.

Did you give the DR. the OK to do a drug trial on your Brother?

Jun 04, 2020 · Now we finally have data from an actual clinical trial of hydroxychloroquine’s effect on COVID-19. According to the University of Minnesota’s trial data, the drug has no prophylactic value in preventing development of the viral infection:

Jul 21, 2020 · On June 15, the FDA revoked the drug's emergency use status "in certain hospitalized patients when a clinical trial is unavailable or participation is not feasible."

Jun 20, 2020 · A clinical trial to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of hydroxychloroquine for the treatment of adults hospitalized with coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has been stopped by the National Institutes of Health.

Heart health issues---In studies, people taking hydroxychloroquine have experienced a side effect known as QT prolongation. This is where the heart takes longer than usual to recharge between beats.

QT prolongation may increase the possibility of irregular heartbeat, known as arrhythmia. Certain types of arrhythmia can increase the risk of stroke and sudden cardiac death.

The study reports that 30% of the 84 participants experienced notable QT prolongation, and an additional 11% were at risk of arrhythmia.

Carlos Ponce

How about OTHER countries????

It is why they have LOWER rates of infection than the United States because they lack the medical bureaucracy found in this country.

Carlos Ponce

Researchers from Belgium, who went through the hospital data of 8,075 patients, has found that low doses of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) was associated with lower mortality in hospitalised patients with COVID-19 diagnosed and treated early or later after onset of symptoms. The anti-malarial drug HCQ has been largely used and investigated as a therapy of COVID-19 across various settings, at a total dose usually ranging from 2,400 mg to 9,600 mg. This was an observational study of data collected using standardised report forms during the most critical phase of the epidemic in Belgium.


Turkey's Ministry of Health says the relatively low death toll is thanks to treatment protocols in the country, which involve two existing drugs — the controversial anti-malaria drug hydroxychloroquine touted by President Trump, and Japanese antiviral favipiravir.


"A cure for COVID-19? Why the death rates is low in Germany?"


Bill Broussard

Jim. I had a supply of the drug I never used that was given to me previous to a trip to North Africa that was then canceled

Early on in shut down and in my role of the family caretaker I got scared about catching the virus so began taking the drug at the prescribed dosage with the thought it might provide some protection but at least do no harm

What a mistake that was! From heart palpitations to what the Mayo Clinic calls “nutcracker esophagus “ where the esophagus goes into sever spasms and you feel like your having a major heart attack, my dance with the drug was 100% very bad news. And those symptoms started after seven days of use

I think any doctor who does not inform his patients is just flat disgusting. When Greg Abbott ordered masks I wrote him a short note thanking him for a wise and difficult call. Then as a PS I said “ and ditch Dan Patrick before the next election, please “. Had I known Dan Patrick was involved in the I would have thought a bit more before experimenting On myself

Let the doctors do their ethical doctor thing but I can swear on a bible that the drug is far from harmless. While my trial was in later March, I remain unwell from a GI standpoint even today

Carlos Ponce

So Bill Broussard took the drug off label without a doctor's supervision. Did you take the recommended dosage for the Chinese Virus along with the other recommended meds? Now, whose fault is that?

Bill Broussard

Give it a rest, Carlos. It was prescribed and I took it at my own risk obviously. And, at that juncture, and even now that drug is not required to be paired with any other drug. In fact, the anti viral your referencing only came in the scene a month later

If course it was my mistake to misapply a drug prescribed to me for a different purpose. I only throw it out there to say that in at least one person the side effects were severe. As a word of caution to others about doing something panicked and ill advised I mention my stupid decision

It would seem folks have two choices: one, they can be stupid like me or two, they can turn their medical power of attorney over to you and let you funnel stuff from Dan Patrick down their tube. At least being stupid can be stopped so I recommend being stupid if you have to do something.

Carlos Ponce

Thank you for admitting you erred, Bill.

Carlos Ponce

By the way, my brother is in a nursing home heart problems, diabetes, kidney failure requiring dialysis, leg amputation. He had the Chinese Wuhan virus recently but was under Dr. Robin Armstrong's care. He's now over that hurdle. To be honest I don't know which treatment Dr. Armstrong prescribed for him but it was effective.

Jim Forsythe

Experimental treatment and experimental drugs are to different things.

Since it was a experimental treatment, he did not get the required permission.

Did you give the DR. the OK to do a drug trial on your Brother?

Carlos Ponce

"Did you give the DR. the OK to do a drug trial on your Brother?" Dr Robin Armstrong has tested my brother for the Chinese virus, so far all negatives. The treatment is not experimental. It is proven as we see in his results and the results throughout the world. And if he tests positive I put my faith in Dr. Armstrong to do as he recommends.

Ted Gillis

We all know who our Lt. governor is Carlos and we all know he is not the current national sportscaster Dan Patrick. Geesh, get off the school teacher’s seat.

(Well maybe you did have to explain it to some of your people, as most of them still think the current president was a successful real estate developer.)

So if it was a state senator that provided him with the drug supply, then why did the article indicate it was our LT. Governor? And again why would a politician need to be involved in supplying a drug that is already in the supply chain for malaria, and lupus. Did Dr. Armstrong lie to get in line ahead of somebody else’s supply?

Carlos Ponce

"why did the article indicate it was our LT. Governor?" What article? The link I provided says nothing about Lt Gov Dan Patrick.

Gary Scoggin

See the 11th paragraph in the original story.

"The nursing home was able acquire the drug with the help of Texas Lt. Gov. Dan Patrick, according to news reports."

Carlos Ponce

What news reports? None are specified. Before I accept something as fact I verify. Verification shows Dr Armstrong had help from the state Senator.

Jim Forsythe

"Armstrong, who said he has used the drug before on COVID-19 patients at a hospital, said that in searching for the medication for the nursing home he called Patrick, a firebrand conservative who drew national attention last month for saying people over the age of 70 would be able to “take care of ourselves" in the pandemic and that the U.S. needed to reopen for business. In a statement, Patrick said Armstrong called him on Friday and that after putting him in touch with Hughes, the drugs were on their way the next morning."

Carlos Ponce

How about the GCDN's sister publication?

"Mineola Sen. Bryan Hughes brokered the donation of 1 million hydroxychloroquine sulfate tablets, an anti-malaria drug President Donald Trump has promoted in the treatment of COVID-19, but that experts warn is not yet proven effective."


Read further in your AP news source:

"In a statement, Patrick said Armstrong called him on Friday and that after putting him in touch with Hughes, the drugs were on their way the next morning."

So who actually helped obtain the hydroxychloroquine? Senator Hughes!

"Republican Bryan Hughes, a Texas state senator, said he is helping organize a pipeline of hydroxychloroquine donations to other states through their GOP leaders. Hughes said he has spent recent weeks helping Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas and Georgia receive or expect shipments from Amneal Pharmaceuticals, a maker of the drug based in New Jersey. Last month, the company announced it had donated 1 million tablets to Texas."


So Jim quotes an AP report and omits the part that says Lt. Gov. Dan Patrick was just a middleman.

Who ACTUALLY acquired the drugs? State Senator Hughes. Patrick simply put Armstrong in touch with Hughes.

Do you get it now?

Ted Gillis

Then those two inquiring senators should have no problem clearing this up, should they?

Bill Broussard

Omg. Are we actually having an argument over two Trump loving politicians and which one was closer to Dr President enough to secure a large stash of a drug soon to loose FDA approval for this application? Really?

I wonder: if you were still teaching would you be passing out malaria drugs to kids behind the school house cause Patrick endorsed them?

The FDA withdrew its sanctioned use because the risks outweigh the benefits. Your good doctor must be righteous about his experiment because to do otherwise at this point places him in some legal jeopardy

Take care if your brother Carlos and by that I mean as family not as Subject #185. Or, at least put him in the control group

Carlos Ponce

Bill, I leave the medical care of my brother up to Dr. Robin Armstrong and under his care my brother was treated for the pandemic Chinese virus and treatment was effective.

Bill Broussard

You said as much a few entry’s ago. But then said he has not tested positive now again say his treatment was successful. I’m confused but I think you mean he has not had Covid nor tested positive and what you mean by treated successfully is that he has not tested positive. If that’s your meaning, that’s great news and my prayers that it continues. He’s in a vulnerable condition in a vulnerable location

My bet: he hasn’t contracted malaria either.

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