(7) comments Back to story

Gary Scoggin

Using scrubbers is not a transfer of pollution from air to water so long as the water discharge is compatible with the receiving water. Desulfurization got bunker fuels also creates pollution. There is no free ride.

(BTW, “The global maritime industry emits nearly 940 tons of carbon dioxide annually”. I think that’s probably more like 940 MILLION tons globally.)

Kent Muller

It would be great if Galveston became a shore power port allowing the ships to "plug in" for the 8-9 hours they're here. It doesn't help solve the overall emission topic, but would be a step in the right direction, and reduce the amount of pollution here in our immediate backyard.

Ray Taft

The new rule for fuel that sets a lower limit for sulfur content in marine fuel is going to force consumers to pay more for goods and to heat their homes. The new rules will put maritime fuel buyers in direct competition with homeowners, trucking, planes, trains, and other forms of transportation for lower sulfur content fuel.

Nearly everything we consume is shipped by a marine vessel, truck, or rail and now the primary fuel for all three will be the same fuel. Marine vessels globally switching to a new fuel means that fuel costs will rise dramatically. That will lead to a squeeze on supply, raising the cost of goods to consumers as the cost of the new fuel is passed on to consumers.

Radical environmentalists, like those who control the Democratic Party, show little concern for people. Good thing America has a friend in President Trump, who has common sense and has our back. Hopefully, the do-nothing obstructionist Democrats won’t obstruct what’s in America’s best interest yet again.

Miceal O'Laochdha

This statement is "eye-raising"? “The seven ships in Galveston are emitting as much pollution in a year as a day’s worth of pollution from all of the cars and trucks in the greater Houston region,” she said." Seven ships for a YEAR equals one normal DAY of life in Houston? Perhaps if every driver stayed home just one day per year, the area's air quality would benefit equally. ULSD has been in use on motor ships that burn marine gas oil locally for years now. Much more of it is being refined than just low sulfur gas oil, making it more readily available.

As to complaints of "environmentalists" that scrubbers are transferring the pollution from air to the sea...well, what have THEY learned in 40 years? By 1980, all crude oil tankers were being required to stop polluting the sea when washing cargo tanks over the side by means of crude oil washing and inert gas systems. That called for installation of scrubbers on the ships' stack gases and the resulting effluent discharge went directly into the sea; and without any "filtration", either. "Environmentalists" were completely satisfied with this arrangement and the billions it cost ship owners to implement (and the many good ships that went to the scrap yard because of the cost) was worth it to them to reduce pollution of the sea by oil. No crude oil in the sea, only sulfur-infused water. There is always a trade-off. Reduce pollutant emissions from gasoline engines by adding MTBE to gasoline for all autos and...turns out MTBE is water soluble and leaked from gas station tanks into the local water table, polluting drinking water systems. So... we make MTBE illegal and replace it with ethanol. Then vast amounts of corn goes to making gasoline instead of feeding the starving millions of people worldwide.

Jim Forsythe

We currently produce enough calories to feed 10-11 billion people worldwide, however, the majority that is used for food goes to feed livestock, not hungry people

To be able to feed the most people per acre of land, we need to change to a plant based diet.

One acre of land can produce 250 pounds of beef. The same acre of land can produce 50,000 pounds of tomatoes or 53,000 pounds of potatoes. By some estimates, we could feed 1.4 billion additional people simply by giving up beef, pork, and poultry in the United States. Think of what we could do if the entire world gave up all animal products!

Farming is no longer, grow the crop, harvest it, sell it. Now the farmer is managing the selling of crops such as corn by storing it. We have in the USA, huge amounts of grains in storage, waiting for higher prices or not selling till later for tax purpose. This is done by managing when to place the grain on the market.

My Brother in Law pays from 3 to 5 cents a month for storage for thousands of brussels. Even this storage does not make a difference in feeding hungry people. The reason is that only 25% of the corn harvested, is consumed by Humans. Approximately 40.5% of the U.S. corn is used for ethanol production The rest of it is used to feed animals. We have enough corn in storage to feed many millions of people, but farming is big business, and it will continue to be stored, until things change.

This look at what happened in 2016 in Iowa. “When you look at it from a year-over-year basis, Iowa farmers are still holding on to a tremendous amount of corn,” . “They have 120 million bushels more in storage this year vs. last year. It’s a big number.” this is in just one state that has this amount of corn in storage.

Jim Forsythe

Total ethanol production reached 1.02 million barrels per day in 2017 which allowed us not to use over2 million barrels per day of crude. .A barrel of crude oil can make about 19 gallons of gasoline. With this conversion rate , each barrel of ethanol replaces a little more than 2 barrels of crude. This means that the ethanol production of 1.02 million barrels per day replaces over 2 million barrels per day of crude (2017). This is oil that is not used today, and can be used in the future.

Corn production has risen because of the demand for ethanol. The part of the corn production used to produce ethanol has not reduced the amount of corn produced to feed people. Production increase about 33% in 14 years.

Because of provisions in the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 that permits farmers to make their own crop planting decisions based on the most profitable crop for a given year, corn acreage in the United States has increased from a Government-mandated low of 60.2 million planted acres in 1983 to close to or exceeding 90 million since 2010. Much of this growth in area and production is a result of expanding ethanol production, which now accounts for nearly 40 percent of total corn use. While the number of feed grain farms (those that produce corn, sorghum, barley, and/or oats) in the United States has declined in recent years, the acreage per corn farm has risen.

Corn production has risen over time, as higher yields followed improvements in technology (seed varieties, fertilizers, pesticides, and machinery) and in production practices (reduced tillage, irrigation, crop rotations, and pest management systems).

Corn production has also expanded to nontraditional growing areas, especially in the north, as short-season hybrids have been developed.

Ethanol coproducts DDGS is a by-products that is used to feed animals. About one third of the of the corn used to produce ethanol

is returned to feed animals.

As ethanol production increases, the supply of ethanol coproducts also increases. Both the dry-milling and os returned to feed wet-milling methods of producing ethanol generate a variety of economically valuable coproducts, the most prominent of which are distillers' dried grains with solubles (DDGS), which can be used as a feed ingredient for livestock. Each 56-pound bushel of corn used in dry-mill ethanol production generates about 17.4 pounds of DDGS. In the United States, feed for both dairy and beef has been the primary use of DDGS, but increasingly larger quantities of DDGS are making their way into the feed rations of hogs and poultry.

Doug Sivyer

I'm sure tRump and his EPA cronies will roll back this sensible regulations just as they have all others.

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