Substitute teacher Flo Rice was watching over a gym class at Santa Fe High School on May 18 when a fire alarm sounded.

She walked from the gym into a hallway near an art classroom and into a killing zone.

“We were parallel to what was going on,” she said. “The kids were playing basketball when the alarm when off. We never heard a thing.”

Rice was shot in both legs. Her left femur was broken. She managed to get outside the school building, where police were exchanging fire with a gunman who ultimately would kill 10 people and wound 13 before being apprehended.

She pretended to be dead until a police officer grabbed her and carried her to her husband, Scot, who had rushed from their home in his Ford Mustang after Flo had told him she was shot.

They sped to a University of Texas Medical Branch hospital in League City.

Nearly three months after the shooting, Flo Rice is back home. Her recovery has been a blur, she said. She’s gone from the hospital, to a rehabilitation facility, to a hotel where she had to stay while her home was renovated to accommodate a downstairs bathroom.

She goes to physical therapy, and to a counselor who’s trying to help her with post-traumatic stress disorder. She has trouble sleeping at night and gets edgy in crowds.

She has come to think the school district fell short in preparing her and the other substitute teachers to respond to the shooting, she said. And she worries some of the survivors have been living in isolation and without support in the weeks since the horrific event.

Rice has stayed mostly quiet since the shooting, worried that voicing her concerns would be inappropriate while families grieved lost children, mothers or wives.

But Monday, Rice spoke up. She stood up during a Santa Fe school board meeting and called on the district to better train and equip substitute teachers to respond to emergencies.

Phones inside school classrooms didn’t work, and the subs had no keys to lock doors, she said. She didn’t remember ever being trained for how to deal with a shooting, she said.

“It was my understanding that pulling a fire alarm during an active shooter was not protocol,” she said. “However, this was done on May 18. I honestly don’t know what the protocol was, and as a substitute I want to be trained equally as the teachers to be able to keep our children safe.”

At her home Friday, Rice said she broke her silence because she thought her concerns were important — and because she thought people like her, victims who were injured and survived the shooting, have not found their voices yet.

The safety of substitute teachers was at the top of her mind, she said. She had subbed at Santa Fe High School for four years before the shooting. She had started to be closer to her daughters, who attend the school, she said.

It wasn’t unusual on a given day for substitute teachers to be in every room along whole hallways while the faculty of an entire department was gone for training, she said. That posed a safety problem, she said.

“We were told, if something happened, we should run to another teacher’s classroom and lock the door,” she said. “I can’t run down the hall when there’s nothing but subs.”

She thought substitutes should receive the same training that school teachers go through, she said.

“There’s issues that need to be addressed that have not been addressed,” she said of the actions taken so far by the Santa Fe school district.

The district has approved renovations to Santa Fe High School to install classroom doors that can be locked from the inside, and to install a new panic-alarm-type system that makes clear the difference between a fire alarm and an active shooter. The district announced July 17 that all teachers and substitute teachers will have to complete active shooter training.

Ten people died inside Santa Fe High School on May 18. Two of the victims, Ann Perkins and Cynthia Tisdale, were substitute teachers.

Another 13 people were injured in the shooting. Authorities have not released all of the names of all of the injured, and some have gone publicly unidentified since the shooting.

The victims are known to each other, however, said Scot Rice, Flo’s husband. As time passes, and challenges mount for the survivors, they’ve reached out to each other on social media to share information, advice and support.

But some of the victims and their parents don’t use social media, and he worried those families were increasingly becoming disconnected from the services available to them.

“We want to be able to find everybody,” Flo Rice said. “Our idea is to get all the kids and the parents together, let them talk to each other, give them an avenue.”

People might not realize the extent of the injuries some of the 13 victims suffered, she said.

Life has not been normal since the shooting, Scot Rice said. Nearly every day has seemed to be occupied by something relating to the shooting, he said. If it’s not an appointment to help Flo recover, it’s a fundraiser or support group for victims, or a meeting with policymakers or activist groups.

“We’re constantly going and going,” he said. “It consumes our every day.”

The constant events make Flo feel like she’s reliving the shooting over again, she said. But she feels a need to support everyone, she said.

Recently, the couple has been trying to deal with the school district’s workers compensation insurer.

“It’s been very disappointing, because, aside from issues and things they’ve been denying, they’ve been out-and-out rude,” she said. “It’s been difficult for me to talk to someone like that. I’ve cut off contact.”

Some of the shine has been taken off the promises made by elected officials who visited her in her hospital room after the shooting, she said.

“They would all come into the hospital and say ‘Don’t worry, don’t worry, don’t worry,’” she said. “And then you’re back to being a normal person, fighting red tape, like anyone else would.”

Others have showered the Rices with generosity, Scot Rice said. A contractor delayed other work repairing Hurricane Harvey damaged homes to redo their home, he said. Sympathy cards come by the dozens, along with gifts of quilts and stuffed animals.

Donated money came in, too, from people and groups that have not publicized their actions, Scot Rice said.

“We feel the prayers and we feel the love people send,” he said.

John Wayne Ferguson: 409-683-5226; or on Twitter @johnwferguson.


Senior Reporter

(10) comments

Kay Fritz

I am also a substitute teacher and she is right. We do not get training and certain things we cannot do. We do not have access to email when notifications are sent that way and no keys to lock or unlock doors. There are, however, new types of meetings that are soon to take place that, I believe, will fix some of this. Thank the good Lord.

Paula Flinn

I agree with all you both have said. Substitute teachers need to have email access and keys to the rooms they are in. When I taught in NM, I would leave my room key in my mailbox for a substitute, and the sub would return it to my box at the end of the assignment or the school day. Students were not allowed in the room where the teachers’ mailboxes were.

Carlos Ponce

What do you think about a programmable classroom key like they have in hotels programmed to work only for that classroom and only for that day?

George Croix

A question for the teachers and ex-teachers:
If the School Admin. is afraid to let a substitute teacher have a key to the rooms and as such evidently feels they are not trustworthy to return it, why the heck is that person allowed to be teaching the kids???
Is it all politics, or just a rather odd idea about security?

Carlos Ponce

Instead of teachers and ex-teachers you should ask administrators and ex-administrators.

George Croix

Well, excuse me, then....I apologize.
I made the error of assuming that an ex-teacher would have some idea why they'd been denied a key, just as I would assume a shift foreman or a fire captain or a street sweeper or whatever would have some thoughts about why something in their line of work went south.
OK, I'll ask them:
Hey, __________(fill in the blank) School District Admin. - why do you not give substitute teachers the same access to security equipment, like keys, that regular teachers have?
Do you not trust them to return it, or not know where they live to get it back, and, if not one or both, why hire that untrustworthy person in the first place to be around the kids?

Too old to hold breath waiting, so will open bag of popcorn and get cold Diet Coke instead......

Paula Flinn

Schools tell you keys cost $50. Computer lab keys are closely guarded. Our librarian checks them in and out.

Carlos Ponce

But you still haven't answered what you think of hotel-like programmable keys.

George Croix

Thanks, PF.
Actually, I didn't mean give a personal key to keep. I meant a 'loner' that the sub would have while substituting. Pick it up, turn it in daily.
I'm probably being way too simplistic about it.....

Carlos Ponce

Interesting note: Most administrators had a key chain with numerous keys to open the building, each classroom, etc. But the person with a single key to open EVERY door was ....... the custodian.

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