The Black Beauty isn't much to look at, but it may hold vast information on the planet Mars. NASA researchers spent a year studying the Mars meteorite, which was found in the Sahara Desert in 2011. What they found from the 11-ounce rock was pretty stunning.
First, it contains 10 times more water than other Martian meteorites that have been found on Earth. Second, it came from the Martian surface and was formed about 2.1 billion years ago. That's a pretty good indication there was some kind of water in the Red Planet's crust way back when.
"This unique meteorite tells us what volcanism was like on Mars 2 billion years ago. It also gives us a glimpse of ancient surface and environmental conditions on Mars that no other meteorite has ever offered," said Carl Agee, leader of the analysis team and director and curator at the University of New Mexico's Institute of Meteoritics in Albuquerque.