The first five amendments added to the Constitution after the Civil War were all added illegally. Both the 13th and 15th are necessary, or the Constitution is worthless. The other three can be called the good, the bad and the ugly. In the movie, “the good” was only good in comparison to the other two.

For proof — on Jan. 31, 1865, the House voted to present the proposed 13th amendment to the states for their approval. The vote was 119 for and 56 against, with eight not voting. It takes two-thirds of both houses to present an amendment. Two-thirds of 183 is 122, which means they were three votes short of legally presenting the 13th Amendment.

In 1866, the Supreme Court ruled in Exparte Milligan that martial law can only be held in areas of actual combat. There was no war when Reconstruction began, therefore, both the 14th and 15th amendments are illegal.

The 14th Amendment provided for the 15th, but the Southern governments under Reconstruction were told if they didn’t vote for the 14th, they would not be readmitted to the Union. This was so blatant that two northern states rescinded their votes, and, thus, the three-quarters needed was not acquired.

Both the 16th and 17th amendments are illegal because several states changed the wording before voting on them, which is not allowed.

The good is the 17th amendment, the bad is the 14th amendment and the ugly is the 16th amendment.

The central government especially likes the 14th and 16th. With these two, they can control you from cradle to grave.

Robert Hart,


(5) comments

Ron Shelby


Jim Forsythe

Robert, I'm not sure but isn't this the rule • "Amending the Constitution: Congressional approval of a Joint Resolution proposing an amendment to the U.S. Constitution requires a 2/3 majority of those members present and voting in both House and Senate. (Article 5)" so wouldn't this mean 2/3 of 119 not 123.
I don't think if they are not their there votes count one way or the other.

Ron Shelby

The key word "present" is a really good point!

Jim Forsythe

Robert, as amendment's have already adopted this is the only way to change them. Unless the Supreme Court got involved some way which .II don't think they would want to do.

It takes an amendment to revoke an amendment and there are two ways to do it.

1. The Congress proposes the Amendment. The bill, unchanged, must pass both houses by a 2/3 margin. The bill then goes to the states for ratification. A time limit is usually set and 3/4 of the states have to ratify.
This is the way the Constitution has been amended to this point.

2. A Constitutional Convention is called by 2/3 of the states. A amendment is proposed by the convention. The amendment then goes to each state legislature for vote. 3/4 of the state legislatures must approve.

George Croix

We still have a functioning Constitution?
Some 'scholars' disagree.....[whistling]

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