GALVESTON The Ashbel Smith Building at the University of Texas Medical Branch is the oldest medical school building west of the Mississippi River and is the scene of at least one shooting.

The 122-year-old building, known as Old Red thanks to its red brick and sandstone exterior, was also dangerously close to becoming a parking lot in the 1960s, author Heather Wooten said.

If it had been flattened and paved over, it would have been a loss to the entire health care legacy of Texas, Wooten said.

Wooten, who attended classes at Old Red on her way to receiving a doctoral degree, will be speaking about her new book, “Old Red: Pioneering Medical Education in Texas,” on Thursday. The book is published by the Texas State Historical Association.

“In addition to the building’s beauty and its mystique, the health care legacy in Texas, of which we are so very proud, started right there in that building,” Wooten said.

Wooten, who authored “The Polio Years in Texas: Battling a Terrifying Unknown” in 2009, remembers her time as a student at Old Red. She attended class on the second floor, and the sharp smell of formaldehyde would drift down from the third floor where medical students studied cadavers.

She first thought about researching and writing about the stately old building while a graduate student, Wooten said.

Her book touches on Nicholas Clayton, the prominent Galveston architect who designed the building and the stories of faculty and students who have passed through its doors.

One story that caught her eye, Wooten said, was how in the late 1800s students brought their guns to class. An 1895 argument between two students led one student to shoot at the other, she said. Fortunately, no one was hurt, she said.

The building was set to be demolished in the 1960s, but faculty, alumni and the community rallied to save it, Wooten said.

Her book focuses mainly on the building’s first 75 years and the efforts to save and renovate the building.

“I am really surprised and delighted that that building is still here,” Wooten said.

At a glance

WHAT: Author Heather Wooten will read from her new book “Old Red: Pioneering Medical Education in Texas.”

WHEN: 5:30 p.m. Thursday

WHERE: Old Red Amphitheater on the second floor of the Ashbel Smith Building on the University of Texas Medical Branch campus, 301 University Blvd., in Galveston.


Contact reporter Christopher Smith Gonzalez at 409-683-5314 or


(0) comments

Welcome to the discussion.

Keep it Clean. Please avoid obscene, vulgar, lewd, racist or sexually-oriented language.
Don't Threaten. Threats of harming another person will not be tolerated.
Be Truthful. Don't knowingly lie about anyone or anything.
Be Nice. No racism, sexism or any sort of -ism that is degrading to another person.
Be Proactive. Use the 'Report' link on each comment to let us know of abusive posts.
Share with Us. We'd love to hear eyewitness accounts, the history behind an article.